DiscoverTraumatic Brain Injury

First injury:
This is the initial injury occurring in the seconds after the accident.
Damage is described as closed, open or crush injuries.

Second Injury:
This occurs when the oxygen supply to the brain is reduced in the minutes and hours after the accident, worsening the damage already caused by the first injury.
This can be caused by an obstruction to an airway or serious blood loss.

Third Injury:
This occurs as a result of blood leaking from damaged blood vessels, over a period of days or weeks, into the area causing the brain to swell.
The skull is a fixed space and the brain can suffer damage if it squeezes against it. If the brain swells it can squeeze the blood vessels, limiting the brain's blood circulation.
Individuals can present with a huge variety of symptoms following a traumatic brain injury (TBI). These symptoms depend on the type of TBI suffered, its severity, the area of the brain affected and the extent of damage to the brain tissue.

Traumatic Brain Injury Physiotherapy Treatment:

                     Many traumatic brain injury (TBI) survivors are left with significant disability. The brain is, however, very adaptable and, with the correct physiotherapy input, recovery can take place over a period of years. People often witness a rapid period of recovery in the first few weeks following a TBI, followed by a slower recovery over the following years. TBI physiotherapy can help improve balance and walking, increase ability to roll / move in bed / sit / stand, reduce muscle spasms, pain and stiffness, increase strength, retrain normal patterns of movement, increase affected arm and leg function, increase energy levels, increase independence and quality of life , decrease risk of falls.

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